The first written mention of Rožňava dates from the year 1291, when the growing settlement was given by King Andreas III. to the Archbishop of Esztergom Ladomér in reward for his loyal services. This document marked the boundaries of the municipality of Rosnoubana.
The historical center of Rožňava
Rožňava’s historic center is the largest square in Slovakia. The historic main square was created around the end of the 15th century and still exists today. Its dominant buildings include the Renaissance Watchtower, the Town Hall, the Episcopal Palace, the Convent of the nuns of St. Vincent and the former Mining Chamber. In front of the tower you can see the art nouveau monument a bust of the patron of the poor, Františka Andrássy made in 1905. The most significant and beautiful sacred monument of the square is the Church of the Assumption of the Virgin Mary. The Chuch was built in the Gothic style in the 14th century. Here you will also find the Church of St. Anne, the Church of St. Francis Xavier and the Lutheran Church. A notable building is the Roman Catholic presbytery, with Baroque frescoes on the façade, and a building of the former infirmary with three Baroque statues on the façade.
Visitors can also admire the historic main square from a bird’s eye perspective from the balcony of the Watchtower.